State Crimes vs. Federal Crimes in Florida

State Crimes vs. Federal Crimes in Florida

While criminal charges are divided into misdemeanors and felonies, they can also be divided into state and federal charges.  

The truth is that most crimes – from DUI and simple drug possession to sexual assault and murder – fall within state jurisdiction, which means state prosecutors will bring charges in state court. However, if there is national interest at stake when a crime is committed, then the federal government will handle the case. 

The following types of crimes will be handled in federal court: 

  • Crime on federal property – From committing murder on a military base or stealing from a federal bank will result in the federal authorities coming after you. 

  • Crime involving more than one state – If a fraud scheme spans multiple states, resulting in victims in more than one state, then the federal government has jurisdiction over the case. 

  • Defendant crosses state lines – Let’s say you were accused of drug distribution by transporting a controlled substance from one state to another. Since you crossed state lines, the federal authorities will be involved. 

  • Crimes of national interest – Common examples include customs and immigration violations, such as international sex trafficking or importing child pornography. 

If you are convicted in federal court for a particular crime, federal penalties are harsher than state penalties for similar offenses. For example, federal drug crimes are punishable by mandatory minimum prison sentences in federal prison. 

If you are facing state or federal criminal charges in Miami, get more than 15 years of experience on your side by hiring the Law Office of Armando J. Hernandez, P.A. immediately. Mr. Hernandez is a former prosecutor who has a comprehensive understanding of both Florida and federal law to guide you through the complexities of the legal process. 

Contact us today at (305) 400-0074 and schedule a free consultation to discuss your case. 


Reach Out to Us Today

Schedule a Free Initial Case Review
    • Please enter your first name.
    • Please enter your last name.
    • Please enter your email address.
      This isn't a valid email address.
    • This isn't a valid phone number.
    • Please make a selection.
    • Please enter a message.